How to do 360 Degree Photography

 
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The 360 degree videos can be taken using iPhones or digital SLRs that use the panoramic video camera system. For those in need of very high-quality videos characterized by high resolutions, the shooting should be done using a DSLR where there is a fisheye lens on the panoramic head. In the absence of a fisheye, the best substitute is any lens that is wide-angled. The only problem with the wide-angled lenses is that more shooting will be required accompanied by a lot of stitching.
F0or stitching, Autopano software is used with a panohead found on a monopod or tripod. This makes the stitching process easier and saves time during the 360 filming.

Panoheads, Leveling and the Photography process

The following must be considered;

• Panohead and proper calibration.
All the equipment used during this process should be labeled for the excellent stitching to be achieved.
The panohead ensures that light only enters the lenses at consistently between the shots through the no-parallax points. The consistency enables the panorama software to stitch together the photos forming a complete 360-degree image progression. For the settings of the panohead, the grid method should be used.

• Rotation and leveling.
Cameras should be kept level while rotating during the shots. A panning clamp is used to ensure the apparatus are level and achieve the spherical photography phenomenon for an all-round coverage.
Using a level base with a rotator that is click stop is essential in saving time for one to make an Oculus 3D-video.

• Shooting
Six shots around are required, one up(zenith) and one down(nadir) for the coverage of a complete sphere.

Framing of the Photos

This is not about a piece of wood or metals around the photo but rather answers the question onto what should be included in the final 360 degree photo. It is hectic making such a decision as these photos are taken using the concept of virtual reality in film which is about immersion hence includes everything around the viewpoint in the photograph. To enhance proper framing, the secret lies on where you stand while taking the images. All features of importance should always lie in line with your position both horizontally and vertically. The fisheye typically creates a lot of space between the viewer and the object and therefore one should position himself or herself as close as possible to the features of interest so as not to have a hard time in deciding what is to be included in the photograph.

How to Start and Specific Camera Settings

The shooting sequence used should always be consistent so as to prevent mistakes. For the stereoscopic 3d camera, it should be set to the manual mode and the shooting done in the RAW format. Considerations should be taken as to the viewer’s position about the sources of intense light such as the sun, street lights, the moon and some lamps. For this, the shots’ sequences should be aligned so that the active lights do not cause overlaps during the stitching process. The same applies while shooting an Oculus 3d video or a new 3d video.